Bulgaria Celebrates 785 Years Since Important Victory of Tsar Ivan II

March 24, 2015  (Source: http://archaeologyinbulgaria.com)

Originally reported on March 20

Bulgaria celebrates Sunday, March 22, 2015, 785 years since one of the most important victories in its 1400-year history: the victory of Tsar Ivan Asen II (r. 1218-1241 AD), ruler of the Second Bulgarian Empire (1185-1396 AD), against the powerful Theodore Komnenos Doukas (r. 1216-1230 AD), ruler of the Despotate of Epirus, in the Battle of Klokotnitsa in 1230 AD.

Tsar Ivan Asen II’s victory near Klokotnitsa, in which he prevailed with inferior forces over theDespot of Epirus and an aspirant for the Constantinople throne, turned one of the most glorious pages in the history of the Second Bulgarian Empire.

It ruled territories from the Carpathian Mountains in the north to the Aegean and the Adriatic in the south (see the maps at the end of this article) restoring most, if not all, of the territorial, military and economic might of the First Bulgarian Empire (632 / 680-1018 AD), and spurring intensive development of Bulgarian culture and literature that later led to the Second Golden Age in the 14th century (the First Golden Age of Bulgarian culture having occurred in the 9th-10th century AD during the reigns of Knyaz Boris I (r. 852-889), Tsar Simeon I (r. 893-927), and Tsar Petar (r. 927-970)).

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